File - Wine-FAQ.txt

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Subject: File - Wine-FAQ.txt

[WineHQ Logo]
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                The Wine FAQ


Frequently asked questions about Wine.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Questions

Click on the question to see its answer.

     About Wine


  1. What is Wine?
  2. What's UNIX? What's Linux? What's FreeBSD? What's GNU?
  3. Is Wine an emulator?
  4. What's the history of Wine?
  5. Why would anyone want Wine? Doesn't Windows suck?
  6. What is Wine, and what is it supposed to do?
  7. What is the current version of Wine?
  8. When will Wine be finished?
  9. What undocumented APIs / interfaces are not understood? Would seeing
     Microsoft source help?


     Getting Wine


10. Do I need Unix first? Where can I get Linux?
11. Can I get Wine on CD?

     Common troubles with configuring Wine


 12. This RPM requires libncurses.so.5, but the latest ncurses I can find is
     libncurses.so.4?
 13. Why does it keep saying that Xpm is not installed?
 14. What is this kernel/kernel32 mismatch warning?
 15. I'm getting a X_OpenFont crash when starting Wine!
 16. All my Wine windows stick on top and/or on all my desktops!
 17. Wine looks like Windows 3.1, but I run Windows 95 applications?
 18. I compiled Wine from source, but it can't find the .so files, like
     libavifil32.so!
 19. Wine won't start on my new glibc2.1.3-based distribution (RedHat 6.2,
     Mandrake 7.0, etc)!


     Common troubles with running programs with Wine


 20. I'm getting a relocation records stripped message, what's this?
 21. I can't start programs in paths with spaces in them!
 22. I tried to run a setup application, but it complains that it can't
     create start menu entries, what can I do?
 23. My application wants me to change disks/CD-ROMs, but I can't unmount it
     while it is running, what can I do?


     Getting Help


 24. Is there any documentation for Wine?
 25. I couldn't find the answer to my question in the documentation, but
     I've written a document explaining how to solve it. What should I do?


     Developing programs using Wine


 26. Can I use Wine to port my Win32 sources to Unix?
 27. Will MFC work with Wine? What do I need to do?
 28. Are there any commercial applications which have been ported using
     Wine?
 29. How can I detect Wine?


     Becoming a Wine developer


30. How do I become a Wine developer? What do I need to know?

     About this FAQ


31. How recent is this FAQ? Where can I get the latest version?
32. Who maintains this FAQ? What's its history? How do I submit additions?
33. What's the copyright on this FAQ? How may I use it?

     Capabilities


 34. Which programs does Wine currently run?
 35. Are there programs which Wine will never be able to run?
 36. Can I use Wine to access my Winmodem?
 37. Will MS Windows programs typically run faster or slower under UNIX and
     Wine than they do under DOS and MS Windows? Will certain kinds of
     programs run slower or faster?
 38. Are there any advantages or disadvantages to running MS Windows
     applications under Wine that I should be aware of?
 39. Will Wine support MS Windows networked applications that use
     winsock.dll?
 40. I'm a software developer who wants to use UNIX to develop programs
     rather than DOS, but I need to write DOS and MS Windows programs as
     well. Will I be able to run my favorite DOS and/or MS Windows compilers
     under Wine?


     What You Need to Run Wine


 41. Under what hardware platform(s) and operating system(s) will Wine run?
 42. What minimum CPU must I have in my computer to be able to run Wine and
     MS Windows applications smoothly?
 43. How much disk space will the Wine source code and binaries take on my
     hard drive? What other software do I need to have installed to compile
     and run Wine?
 44. How much RAM do I need to have on my UNIX system to be able to run Wine
     and MS Windows applications smoothly?
 45. I have a Drivespaced, Doublespaced or Stackered DOS partition. Can Wine
     run MS Windows binaries located in such a partition?
 46. Do I need to have a DOS partition on my system to use Wine? Does MS
     Windows need to be loaded into that partition in order to run MS
     Windows programs under Wine?
 47. If Wine completely replaces MS Windows, will it duplicate all of the
     functions of MS Windows?
 48. Will I be able to install MS Windows applications in any flavor of a
     UNIX filesystem?
 49. Will Wine run only under X, or can it run in character mode?
 50. Will Wine run under any X window manager? Does it require a window
     manager at all?
 51. Will 32-bit Windows 95/98 applications run under Wine?
 52. What about NT specific programs, which use NT-only features?


     How to Find, Install, Configure and Run Wine


 53. Where can I get Wine?
 54. If I do not have an Internet account, how can I get Wine?
 55. How do I install Wine on my hard drive?
 56. How do I compile the Wine distribution source code?
 57. How do I configure Wine to run on my system?
 58. How do I run an MS Windows program under Wine?
 59. I have installed and configured Wine, but Wine cannot find MS Windows
     on my drive. Where did I go wrong?
 60. I'm running a DirectX game, but the graphics is slow, how can I speed
     it up?
 61. I think I've found a bug. How do I report this bug to the Wine
     programming team?
 62. I was able to get various MS Windows programs to run, but parts of them
     do not work. What is wrong?
 63. I have run various MS Windows programs, but since the program menus do
     not work, how can I exit these programs?
 64. How do I remove Wine from my computer?


     How to Get Help with Wine


65. Is there a Usenet newsgroup for Wine?
66. Is there a World Wide Web site for Wine?

     How You Can Help with the Wine Project


 67. How can I help contribute to the Wine project, and in what way(s)?
 68. I want to help beta test Wine. How can I do this?
 69. I have written some code that I would like to submit to the Wine
     project. How do I go about doing this?


     Who's Responsible for Wine?


 70. Who is responsible for writing and maintaining the Wine source code?
 71. Who are the folks and organizations who have contributed money or
     equipment to the Wine project?


Questions and Answers

     About Wine


1. What is Wine?

     Wine is Windows on UNIX.


2. What's UNIX? What's Linux? What's FreeBSD? What's GNU?

     UNIX refers to a number of OSes based on the OS started at Bell Labs in
     the 70's. GNU is a longstanding project to create a free Unix. Linux
     and FreeBSD are free Unixes, building on the GNU project. Some
     distributors, such as Debian, refer to the result as GNU/Linux in
     recognition of the GNU heritage.


3. Is Wine an emulator?

     Unfortunately, no. Wine provides low-level binary compatibility, but
     currently only for OSes running on Intel-compatible chips.


4. What's the history of Wine?

     As far as I remember it was a discussion in comp.os.linux about Windows
     emulation. The first real code came from Eric Youngdale (at this point
     he was toying around with object formats, i.e. he was writing the ELF
     infrastructure for Linux and applied this knowledge to write a simple
     loader for Windows binaries). Then Bob Amstadt got the actual project
     running (with TK widgets). -- Joerg


     Also see http://www.winehq.com/about.html.


5. Why would anyone want Wine? Doesn't Windows suck?

     Not everyone thinks so. And for those that don't, Windows programs
     would suck less when run on a more stable and flexible UNIX platform.


6. What is Wine, and what is it supposed to do?

     Wine is a program which allows the operation of DOS and MS Windows
     programs (Windows 3.x and Win32 executables) on UNIX. It consists of a
     program loader, which loads and executes a Windows binary, and a
     library that implements Windows API calls using their UNIX or X11
     equivalents. The library may also be used for porting Win32 code into
     native UNIX executables.


     Wine is free software, and its license (contained in the file LICENSE
     in each distribution) is BSD style. Basically, this means that you can
     do anything with Wine except claim that you wrote it.


7. What is the current version of Wine?

     A new version of Wine is distributed about every three weeks. You will
     be able to keep up on all the latest releases by reading the newsgroup


     comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine


     where new release announcements are made. You can also subscribe to the
     wine-announce mailing list to be notified of new releases via email.


     When downloading Wine from your FTP site of choice (see
     http://www.winehq.com/download.html for some of these choices), you can
     make sure that you are getting the latest version by watching the
     version numbers in the distribution filename.


     For instance, the distribution released on June 20, 1994 was called
     Wine-940620.tar.gz.


     Patch files are also available. If you are current to the previous
     version, you can download and apply just the current patch file rather
     than the entire new distribution. The patch filenames follow the same
     conventions as the monthly distribution.


     Read-only CVS access is also available. See
     http://www.winehq.com/dev.html


8. When will Wine be finished?

     Large software projects are never finished, only released.


     Because Wine is being developed by volunteers, it is difficult to
     predict when it will be ready for general release. Between 90-98% of
     the functions used by MS Windows applets, and 80-90% of the functions
     used by major programs, have been at least partially implemented at
     this time. However, the remaining 10% will likely take another 90% of
     the time, not including debugging.


  9. What undocumented APIs / interfaces are not understood? Would seeing
     Microsoft source help?


     The best would be if the Windows API would be fully documented, so Wine
     could be a perfect "clean-room" implementation. Seeing the source code
     might make it harder to prove that no copyright violations have taken
     place. That said, the documentation is often bad, nonexistent, and even
     misleading where it exists, so a fair amount of reverse engineering
     have been necessary, particularly in the shell (Explorer) interface.


     Getting Wine


10. Do I need Unix first? Where can I get Linux?

     The short answer is yes: Wine is not an OS, it runs on top of your OS.
     A project named Generic Windows, a prepacked setup of
     FreeBSD+XFree86+Wine, has been proposed, but its domain name,
     genericwindows.com, seems to have disappeared from the Web.


11. Can I get Wine on CD?

     You can get the source on any CD which mirrors a Wine site, such as the
     Metalab CD's marketed by Walnut Creek CDROM. Be warned that these might
     be slightly out of date by the time you get them.


     Common troubles with configuring Wine


 12. This RPM requires libncurses.so.5, but the latest ncurses I can find is
     libncurses.so.4?


     RedHat has pulled a bad versioning trick; ncurses 5 is still installed
     as libncurses.so.4 in order to avoid having to recompile the rest of
     the distribution. If you must use a RPM rather than compile from
     source, make a symlink, like


     cd /usr/lib
     ln -s libncurses.so.4 libncurses.so.5


13. Why does it keep saying that Xpm is not installed?

     You need the Xpm development headers. On RedHat and SuSE, this is the
     xpm-devel package. On Debian, this is the xpm4g-dev package. Remember
     to rm config.cache (or make distclean) before trying again.


14. What is this kernel/kernel32 mismatch warning?

     An error in the configuration file, which unfortunately many RPM
     creators have overlooked. If you run win32 applications and have
     win95/winNT installed with this error, Wine will crash on startup. The
     wine.conf should contain something like this (but you may ignore the
     DllPairs section if it doesn't exist, as it was obsoleted a while ago):


     [DllPairs]
     krnl386 = kernel32


     [DllOverrides]
     kernel32, gdi32, user32 = builtin
     krnl386, gdi, user      = builtin


15. I'm getting a X_OpenFont crash when starting Wine!

     Make sure you have run mkfontdir in all your X font directories to make
     sure X has a current list of available fonts. Also, some Windows fonts
     do not work properly in X. When Wine starts, it queries the X server
     for the metrics of every font on the system, and for some fonts this
     may fail. Run wine -debugmsg +font -sync to see what fonts it was
     querying the X server about, then remove the offending font.


16. All my Wine windows stick on top and/or on all my desktops!

     Have you tried the -managed or -desktop command line options? See the
     man page for details.


17. Wine looks like Windows 3.1, but I run Windows 95 applications?

     The visual look and the API are completely different and independent
     things, think of the look as a theme, it does not change what the
     applications think they are running on. That said, to change the look,
     set the WineLook option under [Tweak.Layout] in your wine.conf.


 18. I compiled Wine from source, but it can't find the .so files, like
     libavifil32.so!


     When compiling from source, the libraries go into /usr/local/lib by
     default. Most Linux distributions aren't set up to look there by
     default, you have to add /usr/local/lib to /etc/ld.so.conf (and then
     rerun ldconfig) yourself (or let tools/wineinstall do it for you).


 19. Wine won't start on my new glibc2.1.3-based distribution (RedHat 6.2,
     Mandrake 7.0, etc)!


     There are severe bugs in stock glibc2.1.3. For towupper crashes, or
     errors about MENU_CopySysPopup and USER, you can work around the
     problem by defining the environment variable LC_ALL, i.e. export
     LC_ALL=en (in bash) or setenv LC_ALL en (in tcsh).


     Common troubles with running programs with Wine


20. I'm getting a relocation records stripped message, what's this?

     It means that a Win32 application tried to start another executable,
     but this new executable wanted itself loaded at an address typically
     already occupied by the old executable, and did not have the relocation
     records necessary for it to be loaded anywhere else (recent versions of
     MSVC++ removes (strips) this information by default). Sometimes you can
     get the application up anyway by just manually starting the other
     executable it was trying to run (this applies to Lotus Notes, for
     example).


     The root of this problem is that Win32 keeps separate address spaces
     for each Win32 process, so that two executables will never clash under
     Windows. However, there is a lot of work left before Wine can do the
     same, mostly having to do with how these applications are going to
     communicate with each other once they are separated.


21. I can't start programs in paths with spaces in them!

     Did you do something like wine /c/Program Files/foo/bar.exe? The shell
     sees unescaped spaces as argument separators, for obvious reasons. To
     tell it that it's all one argument, you must quote it. Examples:


     wine /c/Program\ Files/foo/bar.exe
     wine "/c/Program Files/foo/bar.exe"


     But the best and simplest idea is always to cd into the program's
     directory first and then just run wine bar.exe. Many applications
     depend on the current directory being the program directory, and they
     might not work otherwise.


 22. I tried to run a setup application, but it complains that it can't
     create start menu entries, what can I do?


     If you're running without a real Windows installation, first you need
     to install the necessary registry entries, if you haven't already done
     so. See documentation/no-windows for more information. Next, you need
     to create directories for the paths in the registry. If your Drive C
     path is /c, you would type something like


     mkdir "/c/windows/Start Menu"
     mkdir "/c/windows/Start Menu/Programs"


     to prepare the start menus, and after this the install should succeed.
     (The newest version of tools/wineinstall should do all this for you.)


 23. My application wants me to change disks/CD-ROMs, but I can't unmount it
     while it is running, what can I do?


     Use the Supermount kernel patch, and mount your removable media using
     the Supermount filesystem (read its README file). Supermount implements
     DOS/Windows-like behaviour (it allows you to change media (as long as
     no files are open) without unmounting).


     (Mandrake kernels are known to include this patch by default.)


     Getting Help


24. Is there any documentation for Wine?

     Yes, a bit. Look in the documentation/ directory of the source
     distribution. Also see the WineHQ website and the draft version of the
     Wine-HOWTO.


 25. I couldn't find the answer to my question in the documentation, but
     I've written a document explaining how to solve it. What should I do?


     Updates and additions to the Wine documentation directory should be
     sent to the wine-patches mailing list. Website and FAQ additions should
     be sent to webmaster@???.


     Developing programs using Wine


26. Can I use Wine to port my Win32 sources to Unix?

     That is the idea of Winelib. Right now you may have some difficulties,
     but this should change soon.


27. Will MFC work with Wine? What do I need to do?

     Work is underway to support this.


 28. Are there any commercial applications which have been ported using
     Wine?


     At this time, Corel's WordPerfect Office Suite and Deneba's Canvas 7
     are known to use Winelib.


29. How can I detect Wine?

     You shouldn't need to. If there's a quirk in Wine you need to work
     around, it's better to fix it in Wine.


     Becoming a Wine developer


30. How do I become a Wine developer? What do I need to know?

     If you can program C, that's a good start. Download the sources via
     CVS, subscribe to the mailing lists, look around the source, and pay
     attention to the comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine newsgroup and the
     mailing lists. See if there's anything that you think you can fix or
     work on. You won't have much trouble finding areas that need work in
     Wine (grep for FIXMEs in the source).


     About this FAQ


31. How recent is this FAQ? Where can I get the latest version?

     This document was last edited Fri Jul 21 11:43:09 EDT 2000. It is
     available from http://www.winehq.com/faq.html.


32. Who maintains this FAQ? What's its history? How do I submit additions?

     Dave Gardner maintained it from 1995-1998. Douglas Ridgway
     <ridgway@???>, the current maintainer, took it over in 1999.
     Proposed new questions should be sent to him.


33. What's the copyright on this FAQ? How may I use it?

     The original Wine FAQ, which this FAQ was based on, was copyright ©
     1995-1998 David Gardner. It may be reproduced and modified under the
     same terms as Wine itself.


     Capabilities


34. Which programs does Wine currently run?

     Please see the Apps database.


35. Are there programs which Wine will never be able to run?

     Wine is designed to allow applications to run, and implements an
     application programming interface. It is not designed to interface
     directly with hardware, which is the responsibility of the underlying
     operating system. Wine does not in general allow using Windows drivers
     under Unix. That said, Wine has been used to support parallel devices,
     such as parallel port scanners for which no Unix driver is available.


36. Can I use Wine to access my Winmodem?

     No. These are usually cheap DAC/ADC boards that comes with software
     that consumes some of the processing power of your main CPU instead of
     letting the hardware do its own job of decoding/encoding the acoustic
     signals that carries data over the phone line. The software drivers use
     VxDs to access the hardware, which brings us to the previous question,
     above.


     See http://www.linmodems.org/ instead.


 37. Will MS Windows programs typically run faster or slower under UNIX and
     Wine than they do under DOS and MS Windows? Will certain kinds of
     programs run slower or faster?


     When work on Wine is completed, programs should typically run at about
     the same speed under Wine as they do under DOS and MS Windows.
     Currently, there are debugging features built into each release, and
     this slows down the execution of programs. However, these debugging
     features will be removed for any post-development releases.


 38. Are there any advantages or disadvantages to running MS Windows
     applications under Wine that I should be aware of?


     As with OS/2, you will be running MS Windows programs under a protected
     mode operating system, which brings certain advantages (and some
     disadvantages).


     For instance, there will be crash protection. That is, each MS Windows
     application running under Wine will be running in its own X window and
     its own portion of reserved memory. If one MS Windows application
     crashes, it will not crash the other MS Windows or UNIX applications
     that you may have running at the same time.


     However, be aware that some applications are broken and they access
     memory that they haven't properly (or at all) allocated. Under OS/2 or
     Wine, they will crash. Under MS Windows, they may work for a period of
     time, but then eventually you will have to reboot the machine.


     Also, MS Windows programs should run at about the same speed under Wine
     as they do under MS Windows.


     When Wine is finished, you will be able to run your favorite MS Windows
     applications in a UNIX environment. However, be aware that any
     application written for MS Windows will run much less efficiently than
     its native UNIX cousin. For Linux, there is a database of such
     applications at the Linux Apps Page.


 39. Will Wine support MS Windows networked applications that use
     winsock.dll?


     Yes, Wine does support such applications, more so the 16-bit than the
     32-bit version of winsock. Working applications include Agent (a Usenet
     newsreader), mIRC, ws-FTP and Internet Explorer.


 40. I'm a software developer who wants to use UNIX to develop programs
     rather than DOS, but I need to write DOS and MS Windows programs as
     well. Will I be able to run my favorite DOS and/or MS Windows compilers
     under Wine?


     Wine now supports DOS applications natively, which means that you might
     be able to run command-line utilities. Some have reported success in
     running (to varying degrees of success) various C++ compilers, and the
     Borland Dephi and Turbo Pascal for Windows compilers. Others have
     reported success in running the Borland C++ 5.0 command line compiler
     (bcc) as well as some of the debugging tools in the MS SDK, but these
     compilers' IDEs generally do not run yet.


     What You Need to Run Wine


41. Under what hardware platform(s) and operating system(s) will Wine run?

     Wine is being developed specifically to run on the Intel x86 class of
     CPUs under certain UNIXes that run on the x86 platform. UNIXes
     currently being tested for Wine compatibility include Linux, FreeBSD,
     and Solaris x86. NetBSD, OpenBSD, Unixware, and SCO OpenServer 5 worked
     at one time, but Wine now requires kernel-level threads which are not
     currently available (or understood by the Wine team) in those
     platforms. The Wine development team hopes to attract the interest of
     other commercial UNIX and UNIX clone vendors as well.


     There are side efforts underway to port Wine to the Alpha, OS/2, and
     BeOS platforms. You can find out more information about the OS/2 port
     at http://www.winehq.com/wine/documentation/wine_os2


 42. What minimum CPU must I have in my computer to be able to run Wine and
     MS Windows applications smoothly?


     Wine won't run on any x86 CPU less than an 80386. It is known to also
     work in the 80486 and Pentium CPUs. Beyond that, the basic test is, if
     you can run X11 now, you should be able to run Wine and MS Windows
     applications under it. As always, the faster your CPU, the better.
     Having a math coprocessor is unimportant. However, having a graphics
     accelerated video card supported by X will help greatly.


 43. How much disk space will the Wine source code and binaries take on my
     hard drive? What other software do I need to have installed to compile
     and run Wine?


     You need approximately 220 megabytes of free hard drive space to store
     and compile the source code. Wine also needs about 18 megs in your /tmp
     directory.


     Many development tools need to be installed in order to compile Wine. A
     list of required packages for several distributions is included in the
     README.


     To run Wine, you will need the following:
        o The compiled Wine binary
        o A properly configured wine.conf file (or ~/.winerc file)
        o An installed and working X Window system
        o Some MS Windows programs to test


 44. How much RAM do I need to have on my UNIX system to be able to run Wine
     and MS Windows applications smoothly?


     If you can run X smoothly on your UNIX system now, you should be able
     to run Wine and MS Windows applications just fine too. A typical Wine
     workstation should realistically have at least 16 megabytes of RAM and
     a 16 megabyte swap partition. More is better, of course. You can run
     Wine with 8/8, but it is not recommended. If you wish to be part of the
     development team and program Wine itself, be aware that the new
     debugger is rather memory intensive. Some have suggested that 64
     megabytes is the minimum RAM needed for Wine development, although some
     are able to work (albeit slowly) with 24 megabytes of physical RAM and
     lots of swap space.


 45. I have a Drivespaced, Doublespaced or Stackered DOS partition. Can Wine
     run MS Windows binaries located in such a partition?


     Yes, but only if the operating system supports mounting those types of
     drives.


     There is a Linux filesystem driver called dmsdos that will allow
     read/write access through Doublespaced and Drivespace 1.0 drives. More
     specifically, it supports mounting DOS 6.0 and 6.2 Doublespaced, DOS
     6.22 Drivespaced, and Windows 95 Doublespaced compressed partitions
     (read and write access works fine, but write access is slow). It can be
     found at ftp://metalab.unc.edu/pub/Linux/system/filesystems/dosfs/.


 46. Do I need to have a DOS partition on my system to use Wine? Does MS
     Windows need to be loaded into that partition in order to run MS
     Windows programs under Wine?


     Unlike Wabi, you do not need a licensed and installed copy of DOS or MS
     Windows to install, configure and run Wine. However, Wine has to be
     able to 'see' an MS Windows binary if it is to run it.


     Some folks have successfully installed and run some small programs in
     their UNIX filesystem without having a DOS partition or MS Windows.
     However, not all programs will work this way yet. Some applications'
     installation programs want to distribute some of the package's files
     into the /windows and /windows/system directories in order to run, and
     unless these exist on your UNIX filesystem, those programs will not
     install correctly and probably will not run well, if at all.


     If you have a DOS partition with MS Windows installed in it, make sure
     that your UNIX system can 'see' this partition (check your /etc/fstab
     file or mount the partition manually) so that Wine can run the MS
     Windows binaries located in the DOS partition.


     When it is finished, Wine will not require that you have a DOS
     partition on your system at all, meaning that you will not need to have
     MS Windows installed either. Wine programmers will provide an
     application setup program to allow you to install your MS Windows
     programs straight from your distribution diskettes or CDs onto your
     UNIX filesystem, or from within your UNIX filesystem if you ftp an MS
     Windows program over the Internet.


     To run without a DOS partition, you need to set a UNIX path to be your
     drive C, and make sure that the /windows and /windows/system
     directories point to some place that actually exist. Here's an example,
     copied from a machine which has no DOS partition but successfully runs
     Wine


         [Drive C]
         Path=/var/lib/wine
         Type=hd
         Label=MS-DOS
         Filesystem=win95


         [wine]
         Windows=c:\windows
         System=c:\windows\system
         Temp=e:\
         Path=c:\windows;c:\windows\system;c:


     In /var/lib/wine/windows, you will need to install a win.ini config
     file that you might find on a typical MS Windows 3.1 machine. The
     directory /var/lib/wine/windows/system should exist, but doesn't need
     to contain anything. However, to use MS DLLs, you can copy them into
     that directory.


     If you have DOS/MS Windows installed on your system, you can mount that
     partition at bootup by modifying the file /etc/fstab in your UNIX
     partition. If you edit this file by hand, it should contain something
     similar to the following


     /dev/hda1 /dosc msdos uid=0,gid=100,umask=007 0 0


     This will allow you to read and write to the DOS partition without
     being root.


 47. If Wine completely replaces MS Windows, will it duplicate all of the
     functions of MS Windows?


     Most of them, yes. However, some applications and applets that come
     with MS Windows, such as File Manager and Calculator, can be considered
     by some to be redundant, since 32-bit UNIX programs that duplicate
     these applets' functions already exist.


 48. Will I be able to install MS Windows applications in any flavor of a
     UNIX filesystem?


     Wine is written to be filesystem independent, so MS Windows
     applications will install and run under any filesystem supported by
     your brand of UNIX.


49. Will Wine run only under X, or can it run in character mode?

     Most of Wine's development effort is geared against MS Windows' GUI,
     but some limited support for character mode has appeared, by setting
     GraphicsDriver=ttydrv in wine.conf's [wine] section.


 50. Will Wine run under any X window manager? Does it require a window
     manager at all?


     Wine is window manager independent, so the X window manager you choose
     to run has no bearing on your ability to run MS Windows programs under
     Wine. Wine uses standard X libraries, so no additional ones are needed.
     Wine has its own window management, which acts like MS Windows. It can
     be turned off to use the native window manager with the -managed
     command-line switch.


51. Will 32-bit Windows 95/98 applications run under Wine?

     Yes, 32-bit programs are now about as well supported as 16-bit
     programs.


52. What about NT specific programs, which use NT-only features?

     These are only poorly supported.


     How to Find, Install, Configure and Run Wine


53. Where can I get Wine?

     Because of lags created by using mirror, word of this newest release
     may reach you before the release is actually available at the ftp sites
     listed here. The sources are available from the following locations:
        o ftp://metalab.unc.edu/pub/Linux/ALPHA/wine/development/
        o ftp://tsx-11.mit.edu/pub/linux/ALPHA/Wine/development/
        o ftp://ftp.infomagic.com/pub/mirrors/linux/sunsite/ALPHA/wine/development/
        o ftp://ftp.progsoc.uts.edu.au/pub/Wine/development/


     It should also be available from any site that mirrors tsx-11 or
     metalab (formerly sunsite).


     Some of these ftp sites may archive previous versions of Wine as well
     as the current one. To determine which is the latest one, look at the
     distribution filename, which will take the form Wine-YYMMDD.tar.gz.
     Simply replace YYMMDD in the distribution filename with the numbers for
     year, month and date, respectively. The latest one is the one to get.


     Wine binary packages are available for several OS'es and distributions.
     See http://www.winehq.com/download.html for the most recent list.


     Current Wine sources are also available via anonymous client/server
     CVS. You will need CVS 1.9 or above. If you are coming from behind a
     firewall, you will either need a hole in the firewall for the CVS port
     (2401) or use SOCKS. To login to the CVS tree, do


     export CVSROOT=:pserver:cvs@???/home/wine
     cvs login


     Use "cvs" as the password (without the quotes). Note that /home/wine is
     a path on the server, not on your machine.


     To check out the entire Wine source tree (which may be slow), use


     cvs -z 3 checkout wine


     or if you just want a subtree, or individual file, you can do that too
     with


     cvs -z 3 checkout wine/ANNOUNCE


     Be aware, though, that getting the entire Wine source tree via CVS is
     pretty slow, especially compared to getting Wine from an FTP mirror
     near you.


     Patch files are also available, so that you don't have to download,
     install and configure the entire distribution each week if you are
     current to the previous release. Patch file release names follow the
     same numbering convention as do the general releases, and take the form


     Wine-YYMMDD.diff.gz


     Patch files are available from the same sites that distribute the full
     release. To upgrade to a new release by using a patch file, first cd to
     the top-level directory of the release (the one containing the README
     file), then do a "make clean", and patch the release with


     gunzip -c patch-file | patch -p1


     where patch-file is the name of the patch file something like
     Wine-YYMMDD.diff.gz. You can then re-run ./configure, and then run make
     depend && make.


     If you are mirroring the Wine distribution from the tsx-11 site and
     wish to be listed here in this FAQ, please send email to the FAQ
     author/maintainer at webmaster@???


54. If I do not have an Internet account, how can I get Wine?

     Some CD-ROM archives of Internet sites, notably those from Walnut Creek
     that archive ftp.cdrom.com and metalab.unc.edu, may include some
     versions of Wine on their CD releases. However, the age of these
     distributions should always be questioned, as the 'snapshot' of the ftp
     site may have been taken anywhere from 1-4 months (or more) prior to
     the CD's pressing date.


     Your best bet to get the very latest distribution of Wine, if you do
     not have your own Internet account, is to find a friend who does have
     an Internet account, and have him/her ftp the necessary file(s) for
     you. Unfortunately, since the Wine source no longer fits on a 1.44 MB
     floppy, you'll have to figure out some way to transfer the file to your
     computer.


     If you have an email account on a BBS that can reach the Internet
     through a gateway, you may be able to use 'email ftp' to get the Wine
     release sent to you; check with your BBS system operator for details.


55. How do I install Wine on my hard drive?

     Just un-gzip and un-tar the file, and follow the instructions contained
     in the README file that will be located in the base Wine directory.


56. How do I compile the Wine distribution source code?

     See the README for instructions. Additionally, you may want to set the
     TMPDIR environment variable TMPDIR=~/tmp or TMPDIR=/tmp (if you are
     root)


57. How do I configure Wine to run on my system?

     Wine requires that you have a file called usr/local/etc/wine.conf (you
     can supply a different filename when configuring wine) or a file called
     .winerc in your home directory. The format of this file is explained in
     the wine.conf man page . The file wine.ini contains a config file
     example. More explicit directions can be found in the README file that
     will be located in the base Wine directory after you ungzip and untar
     the distribution file.


58. How do I run an MS Windows program under Wine?

     When invoking Wine, you must specify the entire path to the executable,
     or by filename only.


     For example to run Windows' solitaire, type any of the following:
        o wine sol or wine sol.exe (using the search path to locate the
          file)
        o wine c:\\windows\\sol.exe (using a DOS filename)
        o wine /usr/windows/sol.exe (using a UNIX filename)


     The path of the file will also be added to the path when a full name is
     supplied on the command line.


 59. I have installed and configured Wine, but Wine cannot find MS Windows
     on my drive. Where did I go wrong?


     If you have a DOS partition, first make sure that you have mounted it,
     either by putting the entry into [tt /etc/fstab], or by manually
     mounting it. Remember too that unless your version of UNIX can see
     through it, or you are running a utility that can see through it, your
     DOS partition must not be located on a Drivespaced, Doublespaced or
     Stackered partition, as neither Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD or Wine can
     natively 'see' files located in these compressed DOS partitions.


     Check your path statements in the wine.conf file. No capital letters
     may be used in paths, as they are automatically converted to lowercase.


 60. I'm running a DirectX game, but the graphics is slow, how can I speed
     it up?


     If you're using XFree86, you can take advantage of DGA. You must have
     rw access to /dev/mem to do this. On many distributions, you can add
     yourself to the kmem group. Otherwise, you have to change /dev/mem
     permissions, or even play as root.


 61. I think I've found a bug. How do I report this bug to the Wine
     programming team?


     Bug reports should be posted to the newsgroup
     comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine. See documentation/bugreports for a list
     of what to include. This means at least the following:
        o The Wine version tested
        o The MS Windows program name and, if possible, the version number
          of the software tested
        o A brief description of the bug
        o The relevant part(s) of the output of the Wine debugger


 62. I was able to get various MS Windows programs to run, but parts of them
     do not work. What is wrong?


     Wine is not complete at this time, so some of each programs' features
     may not work. They will in time as more of the MS Windows API calls are
     included in Wine.


 63. I have run various MS Windows programs, but since the program menus do
     not work, how can I exit these programs?


     Kill the xterm shell window that you called up to run your MS Windows
     program, and the X window that appeared with the program will be killed
     too.


64. How do I remove Wine from my computer?

     All you have to do is to type


     rm -fR \[/path/\]Wine*


     Make sure that you specify the exact path when using the powerful 'rm
     -fR' command. If you are afraid that you might delete something
     important, or might otherwise delete other files within your
     filesystem, cd into each Wine subdirectory singly and delete the files
     found there manually, one file or directory at a time. Neither the Wine
     developers and programmers, nor the Wine FAQ author/maintainer, can be
     held responsible for your deleting any files in your own filesystem.


     How to Get Help with Wine


65. Is there a Usenet newsgroup for Wine?

     Yes, and it's called comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine. The newsgroup
     serves as a place for developers to discuss Wine, and for minor
     announcements for the general public. Major announcements will be
     crossposted to other appropriate newsgroups, such as the following
     comp.os.linux.announce comp.windows.x.announce comp.emulators.announce
     If your Usenet site does not carry these newsgroups, please urge your
     ISP's sysadmin and/or uplink to add them.


66. Is there a World Wide Web site for Wine?

     Here are a few
        o WineHQ The official site.
        o http://www.qbc.clic.net/~krynos/wine_en.html


     If you are installing or maintain a WWW page pertaining to Wine that
     you feel would be useful for others to read, please inform the FAQ
     author/maintainer at webmaster@???.


     How You Can Help with the Wine Project


67. How can I help contribute to the Wine project, and in what way(s)?

     You can contribute programming skills, or monetary or equipment
     donations, to aid the Wine developers in reaching their goals. To find
     out who, what, where, when and why, please post your desire to
     contribute to the newsgroup comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine


68. I want to help beta test Wine. How can I do this?

     Beta testers are currently not needed, as Wine is still Alpha code at
     this time. However, anyone is welcome to download the latest version
     and try it out at any time.


 69. I have written some code that I would like to submit to the Wine
     project. How do I go about doing this?


     Patches are greatly appreciated and should be submitted to the
     wine-patches mailing list. Also see this page for a description of what
     happens to submitted patches.


     Who's Responsible for Wine?


70. Who is responsible for writing and maintaining the Wine source code?

     Wine is available thanks to the work of many people. Please see the
     file AUTHORS in the distribution for the complete list.


 71. Who are the folks and organizations who have contributed money or
     equipment to the Wine project?


     People and organizations who have given generous contributions of
     money, equipment, or licenses, include
        o David L. Harper
        o Bob Hepple
        o Mark A. Horton
        o Kevin P. Lawton
        o the Syntropy Institute
        o James Woulfe
        o vmWare Inc.
        o Corel


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